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Moluccella laevis (mo-lu-SEL-la LAY-vis, or mol-you-CHELL-a LAY-a-vis)

Bells-of-Ireland, Shellflower, Molucca balm

Bells-of-Ireland are lightly scented flowers that grow 24 to 36 inches tall. They have 1- to 2-inch-long bell-shaped calyces (the outer leaves that appear at the base of most flowers) that cling closely to the upper halves of the stems and are arranged in several whorls of six. The plants’ true flowers, which are tiny, fragrant and white, are found inside the calyces.

Bells-of-Ireland’s showy calyces are available in apple-green and chartreuse.

With proper care, bells-of-Ireland can last from eight to 10 days.

These flowers are available year-round; peak availability is June through October.

REFRIGERATION Refrigerate bells-of-Ireland at 36 F to 38 F.
WATER Check water levels daily, and add flower-food solution as needed. Remove any damaged or dying foliage or calyces. Recut stems every two to three days to ensure effective water uptake.
STORAGE Store bells-of-Ireland upright to prevent the stems from exhibiting geotropism (the flowers’ natural tendency to curve upward due to the force of gravity).
ETHYLENE SENSITIVITY Bells-of-Ireland are not sensitive to ethylene gas.
CONSUMER CARE TIPS Advise customers to display these flowers in cool locations, out of direct sunlight and away from heat sources. They should put the blossoms in the coldest room of the house at night and mist them for longer enjoyment.

DRYING To dry bells-of-Ireland, select stems that are fully developed. Air-dry them by hanging them upside down, or stand them upright in a solution of glycerine and water. They do wilt, so give them support for the first day. Dry them in a cool, dark, airy location. Remove the sparse, prickly, textured leaves from the stems so the bells become more conspicuous.
CREATING GARLANDS Beautiful garlands can be created easily by trimming out stem sections and threading floret sections together. String with other fresh or dried materials for variety.
QUICK REPAIR If a stem tip becomes broken during handling, a wire can be inserted into the hollow stem to repair the damage. Usually, no visible wilting will occur if the stem has not been severed.

BLOOMS Purchase these blossoms when the tiny florets inside the calyces appear fresh.
STEMS Inspect the stems for thickness, sturdiness and any broken tips.
FOLIAGE Watch for any signs of bruising, mold or discolored foliage.

WHAT'S IN A NAME Despite its common name “bells-of-Ireland,” the plant isn’t a native of Ireland. Rather, the name refers to the green color of the “bells,” or calyces. It hails from the Eastern Mediterranean region to Northwest India, Asia Minor and the Moluccas (Spice Islands), from which the genus name is derived. The species name “laevis” means “smooth,” possibly in reference to the true flowers.
FAMILY Bells-of-Ireland are members of the Labiatae, or Lamiaceae, (mint) family. Common relatives include Coleus, lavender (Lavandula), mint (Mentha), Monarda (bee balm), Physostegia (false dragonhead, obedient plant), rosemary (Rosmarinus) and Salvia (sage).
CAUTION The foliage on bells-of-Ireland is prickly and can be irritating to the skin. Remove the leaves to avoid allergic reactions or rashes. The beautiful green bells also will show better.

Some information provided by:
The Chain of Life Network® ,
Ańo Nuevo Flower Growers Inc., Pescadero, Calif.
Royal Botanical Gardens,
Garden Guides,
Floral Art Mall,

You may reach “Cut Flower of the Month” writer Steven W. Brown, AIFD, at or by phone at (415) 239-3140.


Super Floral Retailing • Copyright 2008
Florists' Review Enterprises, Inc.