Blooming Plant of
Lilium longiflorum (LIL-ee-um lawn-ji-FLOR-um)
lily, Trumpet lily, Bermuda lily
The Easter lily is a
herbaceous perennial grown from bulbs. The stems are 24 to 36
inches long and carry three to six or more flowers per stem. The
flowers are Trumpet shaped and 5 to 7 inches long. The fragrance
is moderately sweet.
These blooming plants generally look good under most interior
conditions for one to two weeks.
Easter lilies are available primarily in the spring. Bulbs are
harvested in the fall, packed and shipped to commercial
greenhouses, where they are planted in pots, and forced under
controlled conditions to bloom for the Easter holiday.
1 Upon arrival, remove the plants from the shipping boxes by grasping their protective sleeves and lifting the plants out.
2 Carefully remove each sleeve by tearing upward along the seam upward from the bottom.
3 Inspect plant variety, size, color, and quality.
4 Remove any damaged stems, leaves, and blooms.
5 Inspect each plant for disease or damage. Isolate diseased or damaged plants, and report them to the grower or buying office immediately.
6 Determine water needs by pressing a finger into the soil or testing with a moisture meter.
7 Water each plant, as necessary, with room-temperature water, and allow excess water to drain from each pot.
8 Dress plants with decorative pot covers,
foil/cellophane treatments, ribbon, and/or picks; price them;
and place them into your displays.
These plants thrive in 50 to 100 foot-candles
Water the plants only when the soil feels dry to the touch, but
Easter lilies may be stored in coolers from
three to five days at 33 F to 35 F. When removed from coolers,
plants should be allowed to warm up overnight in 55 F rooms.
Water with lukewarm water (100 F to 110 F) when removed from
Easter lilies are moderately sensitive to ethylene gas, which
can cause blossom drop. Treat the plants with an anti-ethylene
product if needed.
This occurs if lilies are exposed to low-temperature storage for
too long, if the plants are too close to each other or if root
rot is present.
Look for plants with flowers in various stages of bloom, from
buds to partially opened flowers.
The plants’ foliage should be dense and rich green in color, and
it should extend all the way down to the soil line, indicating
healthy root systems. Check the leaf axils for insects, and
avoid plants showing signs of disease or insect damage.
The name “longiflorum” means “long flowers.” It is the Latin
form of the Greek “leiron” (used by the ancient Greek
philosopher and botanist Theophrastus for the Madonna lily, L.
Easter lilies are native to the Ryukyu Islands of southern Japan
and are members of the Liliaceae family. Common relatives
include Agapanthus, Allium, Gloriosa, lily-of-the-valley,
daylily, hyacinth and tulip.
Images courtesy of The John
Some information provided by:
Easter Lily Research Foundation,
Chain of Life NetworkÆ,
SAF’s Flower & Plant Care manual
Reach Blooming Plant of the Month writer Steven W. Brown, AIFD,
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Super Floral Retailing • Copyright 2005
Florists' Review Enterprises, Inc.